General Power of Competence
The Localism Act 2011 replaced the power of well being with the General Power of Competence.
The General Power of Competence (GPC) is intended to give local authorities (including parish and town councils) wider powers to deliver more for their communities. The GPC will allow a council to do anything that individuals generally may do, except where other aspects of law may forbid them from doing. For example put someone in prison. It is intended to relieve councils of the need to find specific statutory powers to authorise their activities.
Councils not being eligible to make use of the GPC can only do those things which they are specifically empowered to do by statute. It is envisaged this power will provide parish and town councils with a greater freedom to act.
It is anticipated that the regulations will confirm that to be eligible to exercise the GPC a parish council must conform with the following:-
- at least two thirds of the total number of councillors have been elected (at ordinary or by election), not co- opted, at the meeting the resolution is passed to confirm that the council is eligible
- the council’s clerk holds either
- Certificate in Local Council Administration (CILCA), and who has passed the new section 7 of the CiLCA syllabus, which is to test knowledge of the general power
- or level 4 qualification awarded by the
, (eg the Certificate of Higher Education in Local Policy, or foundation degree in Community Engagement and Governance Universityof Gloucestershire
- the clerk should (not mandatory) complete relevant training in the GPC provided in accordance with the national training strategy, but must pass section 7 of CiLCA 2012. (We would recommend that clerks attend training before submitting section 7).
- having met the above conditions, the council passes a resolution to confirm this and it is clearly minuted.
Once the council has decided that it meets the conditions, it retains the ability to use the general power until the annual meeting of the council in the next ordinary election year. At that point the council must again decide that it meets the conditions, to be able to start any new activity relying on the general power. If it does not meet the conditions, it can complete activity which it has begun in the exercise of the general power, but not start anything new.
Impact on Power of Well Being
Councils should be able to complete projects which they have started using the power of well being. The GPC will eventually replace the power of well-being contained in s.2 of the Local Government Act 2000. For comparison the power of well being only allowed councils to do anything which they consider likely to achieve the promotion or improvement of the economic, social or environmental well-being of their area.
The County Training Partnership will be providing training for clerks on the new power when the regulations have been passed. The 2012 CiLCA Portfolio Guide, which includes the new section 7, is on the NALC web site at http://www.nalc.gov.uk/Training/CiLCA.aspx , as well as instructions for taking section 7 on a stand-alone basis. There is no requirement for councillors to be trained, although, of course, they may well need to understand how the power is intended to work.
Further information can be found in the members area